Deutsch: Anthropologie / Español: Antropología / Português: Antropologia / Français: Anthropologie / Italiano: Antropologia

In the environment context, anthropology refers to the study of human interactions with the natural world across time and space. Environmental anthropology, a sub-discipline of anthropology, focuses on understanding how human cultures, societies, and behaviors are influenced by and impact the environment. This field examines the relationships between humans and their ecological settings, including how communities adapt to environmental changes, manage natural resources, and contribute to or mitigate environmental degradation.


Environmental anthropology explores:

  • Cultural Practices and Ecological Impact: How cultural beliefs, practices, and social structures influence human interaction with the environment.
  • Sustainability and Conservation: Traditional ecological knowledge and sustainable practices developed by indigenous and local communities.
  • Human-Environment Interactions: The impact of human activities on ecosystems and vice versa, including the study of climate change, biodiversity loss, and environmental justice.

Application Areas

  • Climate Change Adaptation: Understanding how different cultures perceive and respond to climate change and environmental variability.
  • Resource Management: Investigating traditional and contemporary practices of resource management for sustainability.
  • Environmental Policy: Informing policy decisions with insights into human-environment relationships and cultural perspectives on environmental conservation.

Well-Known Examples

  • Studies on the use of indigenous knowledge in forest conservation and management.
  • Research on community-based approaches to wildlife conservation in national parks and protected areas.

Similar Terms or Synonyms

  • Cultural Ecology
  • Ecological Anthropology
  • Environmental Sociology



In the environmental context, anthropology sheds light on the complex interactions between humans and their environments, offering valuable insights into how cultural practices, social structures, and human behaviors affect and are affected by the natural world. Environmental anthropology plays a crucial role in addressing global environmental challenges by highlighting the importance of cultural diversity, traditional knowledge, and sustainable practices in conservation efforts and environmental policy-making.


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