Deutsch: Elektrizität / Español: Electricidad / Português: Eletricidade / Français: Électricitê/ Italiano: Elettricità
Electricity is the set of physical phenomena associated with the presence and flow of electric charge. Electricity gives a wide variety of well-known effects, such as lightning, static electricity, electromagnetic induction and electrical current. In addition, electricity permits the creation and reception of electromagnetic radiation such as radio waves.
In an environmental context, "electricity" refers to a form of energy that is produced and used for various purposes. It is produced through a variety of methods including thermal, hydro, wind, solar, and nuclear power generation. Electricity is used for lighting, heating, cooling, transportation, and a wide range of other applications.
Examples of environmental impacts of electricity generation and use include:
- Greenhouse gas emissions: many traditional methods of electricity generation, such as burning fossil fuels, result in the emission of greenhouse gases that contribute to climate change.
- Air and water pollution: electricity generation and transmission can result in the release of pollutants into the air and water.
- Habitat destruction: some methods of electricity generation, such as large hydroelectric dams, can result in the destruction of natural habitats.
- Waste generation: the production and disposal of materials used in electricity generation and use can result in the generation of hazardous and non-hazardous waste.