Deutsch: Krankheit / Español: Enfermedad / Português: Doença / Français: Maladie / Italiano: Malattia /

In the environmental context, "disease" refers to the spread and impact of illness or infection on humans, animals, or plants that is influenced by environmental factors.

Here are some examples of diseases in the environmental context:

  1. Malaria: A disease transmitted by mosquitoes that is prevalent in tropical and subtropical regions and is influenced by environmental factors such as climate and land use.

  2. Lyme disease: A bacterial infection transmitted by ticks that is becoming more common in many parts of the world as a result of environmental changes such as habitat fragmentation and climate change.

  3. Avian influenza: A virus that primarily affects birds but can also be transmitted to humans and is influenced by environmental factors such as the migratory patterns of wild birds.

  4. Cholera: A bacterial infection spread through contaminated water and food that is influenced by environmental factors such as poor sanitation and water quality.

  5. Coral disease: A disease that affects coral reefs and is influenced by environmental factors such as ocean temperature, pollution, and overfishing.

Similar concepts to "disease" in the environmental context might include:

  1. Environmental health: The study of how environmental factors affect human health, including the spread and impact of diseases.

  2. Zoonotic diseases: Diseases that are transmitted from animals to humans, such as Ebola and COVID-19.

  3. One Health: A holistic approach to health that recognizes the interconnectedness of humans, animals, and the environment.

  4. Vector-borne diseases: Diseases that are spread by insects or other vectors, such as mosquitoes, ticks, and fleas.

  5. Epidemiology: The study of the patterns, causes, and effects of diseases in populations, including the role of environmental factors.

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